The Gloriously Secret Life of Jellyfish
Most jellyfish are passive drifters that feed on small fish and zooplankton tthat become caught in their tentacles. Jellyfish have an incomplete digestive system , meaning that the same orifice is used for both food intake and waste expulsion. They are made up of a layer of epidermis, gastrodermis , and a thick jellylike layer called mesoglea that separates the epidermis from the gastrodermis.
Their shape is not hydrodynamic, which makes them slow swimmers. But speed and low water resistance are not important as they are drifters that feed on plankton. It is more important for them that their movements create a current where the water (which contains their food) is being forced within reach of their tentacles. They accomplish this by having a body shaped like a bell which is rhythmically opened and closed.
Since jellyfish do not biologically qualify as actual "fish ", the term "jellyfish" is considered a misnomer by some, who instead employ the names "jellies" or "sea jellies". The name "jellyfish" is also often used to denote either Hydrozoa or the box jellyfish, Cubozoa. The class name Scyphozoa comes from the Greek word skyphos , denoting a kind of drinking cup and alluding to the cup shape of the animal.
Jellyfish are marine invertebrates belonging to the Scyphozoan class, and in turn the phylumCnidaria . The body of an adult jellyfish is composed of a bell-shaped, jellylike substance enclosing its internal structure, from which the creature's tentacles suspend. Each tentacle is covered with stinging cells (cnidocytes) that can sting or kill other animals: most jellyfish use them to secure prey or as a defense mechanism. Others, such as Rhizostomae , do not have tentacles at all. To compensate for its lack of basic sensory organs and a brain, the jellyfish exploits its nervous system and rhopalia to perceive stimuli, such as light or odor, and orchestrate expedient responses. In its adult form, it is composed of 94-98% water and can be found in every pelagic area of the world